ART MARKET WEEKLY DIGEST
2018-07-30
来源 : A&C Foundation

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As the Asian art market is thriving, so is the art fair business. After buying off Art HK (Art Basel Hong Kong) from the founders Sandy Angus of Angus Montgomery Arts and Tim Etchells, the Swiss MCH group Art Basel franchise owners and the art dealers are joining forces again to launch Art SG, the next big South East Asia art fair in Singapore. Art SG will debut in November 2019 and is set to attract more than 80 regional and global galleries.


艺博会蓬勃发展,亚洲艺术品市场繁荣景象可见一斑。瑞士会展集团2011年从“艺术香港”(香港巴塞尔的母公司)创始人桑迪•安格斯和蒂姆•艾切尔斯手中买下这家公司;日前它的所有者又要联手艺术品经销商创立“艺术新加坡”,目标是做成东南亚地区顶尖的艺术博览会。

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“艺术新加坡”将在2019年登陆,预计将吸引全球各地超过80家以上的画廊前来参加。

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© Art Basel


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As the summer keeps getting hotter, so is the China-US trade war. The Trump administration has threatened to add art and antiques items to the growing 10% tariff list. Asian art dealers have expressed their concerns and called for the public to share their opinions over the decision before the tariffs public hearing on 17 August. Paintings and antiques account for hundreds of millions of dollars every year in between the two countries. According to Asian art dealers, there is already enough strain placed on cultural objects in China, as any antiques dated before 1949 cannot leave the country without special permits. If the 10% tariff on Chinese art and antiques is effectively implemented, it will undoubtedly affect the market.


中美贸易战持续升温,特朗普政权提议为中国出口到美国的艺术品及古董交易增加10%的关税。亚洲艺术品经销商对此表示担忧,呼吁公众就此提案积极发表意见,以应对8月17日的听证会。中美两国艺术品和古董年交易量很大。然而据亚洲艺术品经销商表示,中国本身对文物的出口就有严格限制,1949年以前的古董都需要特殊批准才可以出境。如果10%关税的提案生效通过,无疑会使市场陷入窘境。

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Poly Hong Kong Auction

保利香港拍卖


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Earlier this month, while Sotheby’s had a lucrative Old Master sale with a total of £35.2m (£42.6m with fees),  Christie’s failed to meet their low estimates with a total of £25.8m (£31.1m with fees)。 The biggest disappointment for Christie’s was the failure to sell Rubens’ Portrait of Clara Serena, which had only recently been reattributed to the painter after being deaccessioned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 2013. It shows that collectors may still have their doubts over the origin of the painting. Prior to the auction at Sotheby’s, fashion designer Victoria Beckham had personally selected a few of the portraits and hung them around her Mayfair flagship store, which definitely brought positive attention to the auction sale.


本月初,苏富比的古典名家画作拍卖取得了3,520万英镑的好成绩(含各类税费及手续费合计4,260英镑)。而佳士得的古典名家画作拍卖结果不尽如人意,交易额仅达2,580万英镑(含各类税费及手续费合计4,260英镑),例如鲁本斯的《克莱拉•瑟琳娜肖像》拍卖成绩就远远低于预期。这幅画早期一直身世不明,2013年被美国大都会博物馆低价卖出,直到近日才被确认为鲁本斯亲笔。拍卖结果说明不少藏家对画的来源依旧存疑。而苏富比方面邀请时尚设计师维多利亚•贝克汉姆亲手挑选了一些拍品,挂在她梅费尔区的旗舰店进行展览,也为拍卖增添了不少人气。

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Lucas Cranach’s Portrait of A Man With A Spotted Fur Collar, one of the 16 paintings on display at Victoria Beckham’s store last month

上个月十六幅名画挂在维多利亚•贝克汉姆的店里,卢卡斯•克拉纳赫《穿斑点皮毛围巾男人的肖像》就是其中之一


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It is not news that women are underrepresented in art, let alone museums. This month the National Gallery in London acquired Artemisia Gentileschi’s Self Portrait as St. Catherine of Alexandria for 3.6 million pounds.  Hailed as a prodigy of her time, Artemisia Gentilleschi is the most renowned female artist of the Italian Baroque. In a press release, the National Gallery emphasized on the importance of representing women artists in regard to the story of women in art history. Artemisia Gentileschi was the first woman to become a member of the Accademia del Disegno in Florence, and received commissions from prominent public figures such as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Charles I of England, and Philip IV of Spain.


女性在艺术界,尤其是美术馆中长期处于边缘化地位。本月,大英博物馆以360万英镑的价格买下了阿特米谢•简特内斯基的《扮成亚历山大圣凯瑟琳的自画像》。简特内斯基是意大利巴洛克时期最负盛名的女性艺术家,被当时的人看作旷世奇才。大英博物馆在新闻发布会上表示呈现女性艺术家的作品对于书写艺术史具有重要的意义。简特内斯基是佛罗伦萨设计学院的首位女性成员,并且受雇于当时皇室贵族,例如托斯卡纳大公爵,英国的查理一世以及西班牙的菲利普四世。

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Artemisia Gentileschi, Self Portrait as Saint Catherine of Alexandria, circa 1615–17

阿特米谢•简特内斯基,《扮成亚历山大圣凯瑟琳的自画像》,约1615至1617年


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The world’s first Alberto Giacometti Institute opened its doors on the 26 of June 2018 in Paris. Catherine Grenier, director of the foundation and former co-director of the Centre Pompidou, revealed that the project began in 2014 when she discovered the sensational collection in storage. The 350 sculptures, 90 paintings, and over 2,000 drawings will finally have a home to introduce and preserve the Swiss artist’s incredible legacy.


阿尔贝托•贾科梅蒂研究所于今年6月26号在巴黎剪彩。蓬皮杜中心的前负责人、贾科梅蒂基金会理事卡瑟琳娜•格雷涅尔女士透露,她在2014年发现了这些惊人的藏品后开始策划这个项目。这位瑞士艺术家留下的350座雕塑,90张油画,以及2000多张素描现在终于有了一个属于自己的家,得以妥善保存和流传后世。

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© Alberto Giacometti Estate / SACK, Seoul, 2018


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In Belgium, the Flemish tourist board has issued a video to address the recent Facebook censorship over their promotion of Flemish masters due to the feature of nudes in the paintings of Baroque painters. In the sequence, the police walks among visitors of a museum inquiring whether they have a social media account and then ushers them away from the paintings. With no less humor, the Flemish tourist board asked Mark Zuckerberg to rethink this decision in an open letter signed by most museums of Flanders.  The Flemish museums called the censorship a hindrance to their cultural heritage as they are currently promoting Flemish paintings by the likes of Rubens, Pieter Bruegel and Jan van Eyck. Facebook answered that it will not prohibit any of the paintings on normal posts, and is open to discussion. However the promotion might still be an issue as Facebook has a strict policy against any sexually oriented content, including artistic or educational nudes, apart from statues.


比利时弗兰德旅游委员会通过一段视频,幽默回应近期脸书网站屏蔽巴洛克绘画大师作品中的裸体画面一事。 视频里的警察穿梭于观众之间,逐个询问他们是否有社交软件账号,并驱赶那些使用网络社交平台的人。弗兰德几乎所有的美术馆共同签署了一封公开信,他们呼吁马克•扎克伯克“三思而后行”。美术馆一致认为脸书的这个决议严重阻碍他们传播文化遗产,推广鲁本斯、勃鲁盖尔、艾克等经典艺术家的创作。脸书回应他们愿意公开探讨这此事件,并表明未来不会在正常的推送中屏蔽这些名画。但是根据脸书的内部政策,在广告中依然不得出现任何有色情倾向的内容,包括艺术类或教育类的裸体画面,但雕塑裸体除外。

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Peter Paul Rubens, The Descent from the Cross, 1612-1614,  was removed from Facebook due to nudity

脸书网站因为“裸露画面”屏蔽了鲁本斯的《基督落架图》,约1612至1614年


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The Scream by Edvard Munch has long been described as the expression of inner turmoil. However, a recent collaboration of meteorologists with art historians has revealed that perhaps the skies depicted by Munch were not as surreal as thought, but instead illustrated a realistic perception of unusual meteorological conditions at that time. According to the study, nacreous or “mother of pearl” clouds, give skies a hazy rich colored texture similar to the ones in Munch’s painting. Likewise, records prove that the volcano Krakatau was in eruption at that time which would explain why the protagonist is covering his ears. Hence, when Munch wrote that the sky was screaming blood and fire, he may have meant literally.


《呐喊》一直被视为蒙克内心波澜的宣泄。然而气象学家和艺术史学家合作研究却发现,蒙克笔下的天空很可能并不像大家想的那么离奇,相反,它只是对当时一种特殊气象景观的真实写照。研究表明,珍珠云使天空笼罩在色彩丰富的雾中,可以形成类似蒙克画中的景象。史料还记载,当时正值喀拉喀托火山爆发,这解释了为什么画中的主人捂着自己的耳朵。因此,蒙克曾写道:天在喊叫,血火喷发,或许不是一种想象,而是真真切切的现实。

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Edward Munch, The Scream,  oil painting, 91x73.5cm, 1893

爱德华•蒙克,《呐喊》,油画,91x73.5cm, 1893


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Almost 100 years later, Claude Monet’s Japanese glazed biscuit pottery cat is finally returning home after a quick stop at Christie’s in Hong Kong. Art historians recently discovered that Monet’s late son, Michel, had an illegitimate daughter, Rolande Verneiges, to whom he had bequeathed some of the artist’s paintings, personal belongings, and collection of Japanese art. The family decided to sell the treasured heirlooms in Hong Kong last autumn. Amidst the total sale of HK$85.5m (US$10.9m), the mid-19th-century cat sold for HK$525,000, (US$67,000), in other words 20 times its low estimate.  Thanks to Japanese art and coin dealer Hideyuki Wada who immediately donated it to the Fondation Claude Monet, visitors will have the pleasure to discover Monet’s cat in Giverny.


克劳德•莫奈的日式釉瓷小猫摆件在经历了仅百年的跌宕流离后终于物归原主。艺术史学家发现莫奈已故的儿子迈克尔将画家的一些画作和私人物品,以及画家生前收藏的日本艺术品作为遗赠,留给了自己的私生女罗朗德•韦尔内热。韦尔内热一家去年秋季在香港出售这些珍贵的遗产。拍卖总成交价达到8,550万港币(相当于1,090万美元),其中这只19世纪的小瓷猫成交价为52.5万港币(相当于67,000美元),相当于其最低估值的20倍左右。日本艺术品经销商买下这件瓷器后立刻捐赠给了克劳德•莫奈基金会,游客因此有幸在莫奈的故乡吉维尼一睹小猫的真容。

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Left: Claude Monet, The Rose Path in Giverny, circa 1920-22

Right: The painter’s house and garden in Giverny

左:克劳德•莫奈《吉维尼的玫瑰小径》,约1920至1922年

右:画家在吉维尼的故居和花园


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